There are five main EB categories:
EB-1: Priority Workers (including individuals with extraordinary ability, outstanding professors and researchers, and multinational managers or executives).
EB-2: Professionals with Advanced Degrees or Exceptional Ability.
EB-3: Skilled Workers, Professionals, and Other Workers.
EB-4: Special Immigrants (including religious workers and certain government employees).
EB-5: Immigrant Investors (investors who create jobs in the U.S.).
The process generally involves the following steps:
Labor Certification: For most EB categories, the employer must obtain a labor certification (PERM) from the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) to demonstrate the unavailability of U.S. workers for the position.
Immigrant Petition: The employer files an immigrant petition (Form I-140) with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) on your behalf.
Priority Date: USCIS assigns a priority date based on the filing date of the immigrant petition.
Visa Bulletin: You must wait for your priority date to become current in the Visa Bulletin, as this determines when you can proceed with the final stages of the process.
Adjustment of Status or Consular Processing: Depending on your immigration status, you may apply for an adjustment of status (Form I-485) if you are in the U.S. or go through consular processing if you are outside the U.S.
Green Card Interview: If required, attend an interview with USCIS.
Green Card Approval: Upon approval, you receive your green card, granting you permanent residency.